*Surely you can get as far as un, dos, tres, whether youâve heard it from Ricky Martin or any other Latin American singer. But how far can you count in Spanish, and can you form ordinal numbers? Learn Spanish numbers and youâll gain a useful skill that will help you with shopping and ordering, talking about dates and age, telling the time or understanding schedules and idiomatic phrases. Forming numbers is straightforward in Spanish, so letâs get right to it!*

**How to count in Spanish**

Thereâs no way around it, you have to learn a set of unique number words if you want to count in Spanish. Up to fifteen, each number is a distinct word, with zero being a term of its own, of course. Memorize those and you can apply some basic rules to form a majority of Spanish numbers.

0 | zero | cero |

1 | one | uno |

2 | two | dos |

3 | three | tres |

4 | four | cuatro |

5 | five | cinco |

6 | six | seis |

7 | seven | siete |

8 | eight | ocho |

9 | nine | nueve |

10 | ten | diez |

11 | eleven | once |

12 | twelve | doce |

13 | thirteen | trece |

14 | fourteen | catorce |

15 | fifteen | quince |

To complete the numbers up to twenty, you form the word out of âdiezâ for ten, âyâ for and, plus the last digit, like âseisâ for six. However, notice the spelling:

16 | sixteen | diecisĂ©is |

17 | seventeen | diecisiete |

18 | eightteen | dieciocho |

19 | nineteen | diecinueve |

20 | twenty | veinte |

**Count to 100 in Spanish**

The joining of words and the spelling with âiâ for and continues between 20 and 30. After that, you continue to form the numbers with and, however you spell it as three separate words. Knowing that, itâs straightforward to count to one hundred in Spanish.

21 | twenty one | veinte |

22 | twenty two | veintiuno |

23 | twenty three | veintidĂłs |

24 | twenty four | veintitrĂ©s |

25 | twenty five | veinticinco |

26 | twenty six | veintiseis |

27 | twenty seven | veintisiete |

28 | twenty eight | veintiocho |

29 | twenty nine | veintinueve |

30 | thirty | treinta |

31, 32, (…) | thirty one, thirty two | treinta y tres, treinta y dos |

40 | fourty | cuarenta |

50 | fifty | cincuenta |

60 | sixty | sesenta |

70 | seventy | setenta |

80 | eighty | ochente |

90 | ninety | noventa |

100 | one hundred | cien |

Listen carefully: there is only a difference of one letter between sixty and seventy, or âsesentaâ and âsetentaâ, which can be difficult to spot with native speakers!

**How to learn large numbers in Spanish**

For numbers beyond one hundred, you have to remember a new rule: you donât connect the word for one hundred with âyâ for and with the rest of the number. However, the tens and ones are still connected with an âyâ as in the table above. For example, one hundred fifty five (155) is âciento cincuenta y cincoâ. Note the epenthesis âoâ, which makes the word flow better.

The word âcienâ for hundred is a count noun, so as soon as you reach two hundred, you have to pluralize it as âdoscientosâ (the suffix âsâ indicated the plural). Up to âmilâ, or one thousand, there are only three irregular numbers: 500, 700, and 900:

100 | (one) hundred | cien |

101, 102, 103 (…) | one hundred one, two, three (…) | ciento uno, dos, trees (…) |

175 | one hundred seventy five | ciento setenta y cinco |

200 | two hundred | doscientos |

300 | three hundred | trescientos |

400 | four hundred | cuatrocientos |

500 | five hundred | quinientos (irregular) |

600 | six hundred | seiscientos |

700 | seven hundred | setecientos (irregular) |

800 | eight hundred | ochocientos |

900 | nine hundred | novecientos (irregular) |

1,000 | (one) thousand | mil |

Even larger numbers can become quite a mouthful to say, but they remain fairly easy to form. As in English, multiples of a thousand just take a digit in front. Likewise, thousand is an uncount noun: itâs âdos milâ for two thousand, not âdos milesâ. Yet the word can take a plural, in case you want to say âthousands and thousandsâ, for example, which is âmiles y milesâ.

2,000 | two thousand | dos mil |

3,000, 4,000, 5,000 (…) | one, two, three thousand (…) | uno, dos, tres mil (…) |

7,777 | seven thousand seven hundred seventy seven | siete mil setecientos setenta y siete |

10,000 | ten thousand | diez mil |

20,000 | twenty | veinte mil |

100,000 | (one) hundred thousand | cien mil |

500,000 | five hundred thousand | quinientos mil |

783,382 | seven hundred thousand three hundred eighty two | setecientos mil trescientos ochenta y dos |

1,000,000 | (one) million | un millĂłn |

2,000,000, 3,000,000 (…) | two, three million (…) | dos, tres millones (…) |

As you can see in the table above, âmillĂłnâ (a million) is again a count noun with the plural âmillonesâ. Note that in combination with a noun, you have to use âdeâ (of) to refer to what youâre counting. So âtwo million dollarsâ becomes âdos millones de dolaresâ (two millions of dollars).

Also note that the decimal separator and the thousand delimiter are reversed in Spanish, so youâd write two million as â2.000.000â and âone and a halfâ as â1.5â.

Unlike English, which uses the short scale numbering system, Spanish like many languages, uses the long scale system, which means that âbillĂłnâ or âtrillĂłnâ donât match up with the English billion and trillionâthese words are false friends!

106 | million | un millĂłn |

109 | billion | un millardo / mil millones |

1012 | trillion | un billĂłn |

1015 | quadrillion | mil billones |

1018 | quintillion | un trillĂłn |

1021 | sextillion | mil trillones |

**How to learn ordinal numbers in Spanish**

The last challenge is to name the order of things in Spanish. For this weâll have a look at the ordinal numbers. Again, the first ten youâll just have to learn by heart.

first | primero |

second | segundo |

third | tercero |

fourth | cuarto |

fifth | quinto |

sixth | sexto |

seventh | sĂ©ptimo |

eighth | octavo |

ninth | noveno |

tenth | dĂ©cimo |

For ordinal numbers beyond that, you have to learn the multiples of ten first, then you can form combinations.

twentieth | vigĂ©simo |

thirtieth | trigĂ©simo |

fortieth | cuadragĂ©simo |

fiftieth | quincuagĂ©simo |

sixtieth | sexagĂ©simo |

seventieth | septuagĂ©simo |

eightieth | octogĂ©simo |

ninetieth | nonagĂ©simo |

hundredth | centĂ©simo |

thousandth | milĂ©simo |

The twenty second then becomes âvigĂ©simo segundoâ, while âquincuagĂ©simo quintoâ is the fifty fifth.

**More rules for Spanish numbers**

There are a few things to remember when forming and using numbers in Spanish:

- Donât forget that the number one has to agree with the gender of the noun if you count something: itâs âun libroâ (one book, which is masculine), but âuna personaâ (one person, feminine). One by itself is âunoâ, as in âtengo unoâ (I have one).
- âUnâ is also the indefinite article: âone bookâ and âa bookâ is the same in Spanish, âun libroâ.
- If you have exactly one hundred of something, you use âcienâ (100). âCientoâ is used to form a larger number, such as âciento unoâ (101).
- Unlike other numbers, the ordinal numbers have to agree with the gender as well. Itâs âel cuarto libroâ (the fourth book), but âla segunda personaâ (the second person). âPrimeroâ and âterceroâ drop the âoâ before a singular masculine noun: âel primer hijoâ (the first son).
- You can use ordinal numbers to form fractions, as in âun cuartoâ (a quarter) or âun octavoâ (an eight). Again, these will have to agree with the gender of any noun you place after. However, half is expressed as âmedioâ o âmediaâ, as in âmedia naranjaâ (half an orange).

If you’d like to put the theory into practise, visit the Lingoda website and sign up for your free 7-day trial with our native Spanish speaking teachers.Â