A list of the 40 most delicious fruits in French

A list of the 40 most delicious fruits in French

by Anne-Lise Vassoille

Updated August 7, 2023

In a land famous for its gastronomy, learning the basic vocabulary around food is not simply a linguistic requirement — it’s a cultural duty. This is true even if you’re a beginner in French. Whether they appear as early as the apéritif or as a meal-capping dessert, fruits are an essential ingredient of French cuisine. You’ll encounter many different kinds of fruit if you’re lucky enough to spend four seasons in France. To help you learn the names for the 40 most common fruits in French, we’ve divided them into categories corresponding to their features and origins.

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Our list of 6 seeded fruits in French

Les fruits à pépins (seeded fruits) are a type of fruit with seeds inside. Most of the time, the seeds need to be removed before you can eat the fruit. But in some cases, such as grapes, the seeds are edible. Speaking of grapes, you’ll need to watch out for a linguistic pitfall. Aside from being the main ingredient of such famous wines as Bourgogne, Bordeaux and Beaujolais, le raisin (grape) refers to a bunch of grapes. If you wish to talk about one grape only, you need the phrase un grain de raisin.

The table below lists the six main seeded fruits: 

une pommean apple
une poirea pear
le raisingrapes
un melona melon
une pastèquea watermelon
une figuea fig

Learn the French names for 7 stone fruits

Another category of fruits is defined by the stone they contain. In French, these are called fruits à noyau. Here is our list of the seven most common ones:

une pêchea peach
un brugnona nectarine
une prunea plum
un abricotan apricot
une cerisea cherry
une olivean olive
une dattea date

Pick up the words of 7 berries in French

Alternatively called fruits rouges (red fruits, as per their color) or fruits des bois (wood fruits, due to where they can be found), these are small fruits that often grow in the wild, even though it’s also possible to cultivate them in gardens. 

une fraisea strawberry
une framboisea raspberry
une groseillea redcurrant
une cerisea cherry
une myrtillea blueberry
une mûrea blackberry
un cassisa blackcurrant

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Grow your French vocabulary with the names of 6 citrus fruits

Les agrumes (citrus fruits) are easily recognizable by their thick rind and their pulpy center, which make them ideal for squeezing into fruit juices and lemonades. Since they need a lot of sunshine in order to grow, you’ll often find them in the southern regions of France.

un citron a lemon
un citron verta lime
une orangean orange
une mandarinea mandarin
une clémentinea clementine
un pamplemoussea grapefruit

Name 7 common shelled fruits in French

Rather than housing seeds or stones, les fruits à coque (shelled fruits) have an external shell that protects them. Some, like les noix (walnuts), can appear in a fruit bowl at the end of a meal. Others, such as les pistaches (pistachios) or les noix de cajou (cashew nuts), are a common feature of French apéritifs

une noixa walnut
une noisettea hazelnut
une châtaignea sweet chestnut
un marrona chestnut
une amandean almond
une pistachea pistachio
une noix de cajoua cashew nut

Expand your horizons with 7 exotic fruits in French

If you fancy something a bit more out of the ordinary, the seven fruits exotiques (exotic fruits) in our table below may be to your taste. Some have graced French tables for decades or even centuries, while others are more recent additions to the French culinary palette. 

une bananea banana
un kiwia kiwi
une manguea mango
une papayea papaya
un ananasa pineapple
un lycheea lychee
une dattea date

Learn some fruity vocabulary in French

With our list of 40 words, you’ll know the vocabulary of the main fruits in French, divided by category to make it easier to memorize them. From breakfast to dinner and from the apéritif until dessert, give them a try, linguistically and in the kitchen! 

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Anne-Lise Vassoille

Anne-Lise is a translator and copywriter working for various industries… Settled down in London, she cannot get enough of the exceptional cultural life in the English capital city, starting with theater, be it to see a new West End show or to roll up her sleeves with her amateur drama group. She is also interested in photography, as her Instagram profile shows. She indulges her passion for languages in a translation blog she writes with other linguist friends. Go to her Linkedin page to know more about her background and her professional experience.

Anne-Lise Vassoille
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