How to talk about the weather in English
Published on January 20, 2020 / Updated on November 10, 2022
If you’re searching for the easiest topic for small talk, talking about the weather is the perfect default – and not only with native English speaking countries, but for anyone you speak English with. Weather is one of the first topics you’ll learn in an English class so the vocabulary is quite easy, plus it’s a topic that everyone can share their opinion about without offending anyone. So, if you meet someone new and have no idea what to say, start talking about the weather!
Here is an overview of popular weather vocabulary:
|rainy, shower, drizzle, flood, pouring
|sunny, warm, bright, clear, boiling, tropical, humid, hot
|cloudy, foggy, overcast, gloomy, grey
|windy, breezy, blustery, hurricane
|snowy, blizzard, hail, sleet, snowflake, frosty, chilly, cold, icy
|stormy, lightning, thunder, thunderstorm
Now we can go over the basics of weather grammar. There are three different weather-related grammar categories for talking about the weather in the present tense:
|It is + weather adjective
|It is cold.It is windy.It is sunny.
|General weather adjective in present tense
|It is a + weather adjective + day/time
|It’s a rainy afternoon.It’s a nice day today.
|General weather adjectives in present tense for a certain time of day
|It is + weather verb + -ing
|It’s snowing now.It’s raining out there.
|Describes how the weather is at that exact moment in present continuous
When talking about weather in the past, the grammar follows the same basic grammar rules for past tenses, with the exception that we typically don’t use present perfect simple to describe the weather.
|It + weather verb (-ed) + past time
|It was cold yesterday.It rained last week.
|Simple past (completed time period)
|It + weather verb (has +been + -ing) + ongoing time period.
|It has been snowing since yesterday.The sun has been shining for the whole week.
|Present perfect continuous (started in the past and is ongoing)
|It has snowed since yesterday.The sun has shined for the whole week.
|Present perfect simple (we typically don’t use)
Furthermore, there are also two different ways of describing weather in the future:
|It + will + weather verb + future time
|It will rain tomorrow. It will snow tomorrow.
|Future with weather verb
|It + will + be + weather adjective + future time
|It will be rainy tomorrow.It will be snowy tomorrow.
|Future with weather adjective
There are also differences in how to describe the temperature in different countries due to the the use of the imperial and metric measurement systems.
The majority of countries in the world use the metric system. For example, in the UK they would say, 20 degrees is a normal room temperature. It is very cold out, minus 5 degrees.
In the US here would be the difference: 70 degrees is a normal room temperature. It is very cold out, negative 23 degrees. Note the word “negative” here for US English. If you visit America, make sure to use the imperial system, because otherwise they might have trouble understanding you.
Now we can go over how to put this vocabulary and grammar into actual phrases for starting small talk conversations about the weather. Here’s a helpful list to get you started: