How to Say Months and Dates in Spanish

by Jakob Straub
April 20, 2020

To say the date and month in Spanish, you have to not only know your numbers, but also be able to pronounce the months correctly. Then there are a few differences between how the Spanish write and say dates in general, but don’t worry, in the following we’ll tell you all you need to know to say dates like a local in Spain.

How to say the months in Spanish

If you have a bit of a knack for Spanish pronunciation, the months should pose no particular problem for you. The following table will give you an overview of the correct pronunciation. For the International Phonetic Alphabet transcription, the Castilian way of saying the month always comes first before the Latin American way. Note that the month is not capitalized unless the word is at the beginning of a sentence.  

  MONTH SPA IPA
1 enero eh-neh-roh /eˈneɾo/
2 febrero feh-breh-roh /feˈbɾeɾo/, [feˈβɾeɾo]
3 marzo mahr-thoh /ˈmarθo/, /ˈmarso/
4 abril ah-breel /aˈbɾil/, [aˈβɾil]
5 mayo mah-yoh /ˈmaɟ͡ʝo/, [ˈmaʝo]
6 junio hoo-nyoh /ˈxunjo/
7 julio hoo-lyoh /ˈxuljo/
8 agosto ah-gohs-toh /aˈɡosto/, [aˈɣost̪o]
9 septiembre sehp-tyehm-breh /sebˈtjembɾe/, [seβˈt̪jẽmbɾe]
10 octubre ohk-too-breh /oɡˈtubɾe/, [oɣˈt̪uβɾe]
11 noviembre noh-byehm-breh /noˈbjembɾe/, [noˈβjẽmbɾe]
12 diciembre dee-thyehm-breh

/diˈθjembɾe/, [d̪iˈθjẽmbɾe]

/diˈsjembɾe/, [d̪iˈsjẽmbɾe]

How to say dates in in Spanish

When saying the date in Spanish, the day precedes the month. “April tenth” or “the tenth of April” therefore becomes “diez de abril”, which literally translates to “ten of April”.

For saying the entire date in Spanish including the year, you can use a simple formula:

  • el + (day) + de + (month) + de / del + (year)
  • el veintidós de junio de dos mil veinte – June 22, 2020

You can use del instead of de before the year, because it indicates the omitted año (for year). Note that when you announce a date of the current year, you’d commonly leave out announcing the year.

Here are some more examples:

  • Hoy es el tres de mayo de dos mil veinte. – Today is May second two thousand twenty.
  • Mi fecha de nacimiento es el quince de noviembre de mil novecientos ochenta y cinco. – My date of birth is November fifteen nineteen hundred eighty five.
  • Tu cita es el treinta y uno de agosto. – Your appointment is on August thirty first.

Numbers for saying dates in Spanish

These are all the numbers you need to know when saying dates in Spanish:

1 – one – primero (exception!) 11 – eleven – once 21 – twenty one – veintiuno
2- two – dos 12 – twelve – doce 22 – twenty two – veintidós
3 – three – tres 13 – thirteen – trece 23 – twenty three – veintitres
4 – four – cuatro 14 – fourteen – catorce 24 – twenty four – veinticuatro
5 – five – cinco 15 – fifteen – quince 25 – twenty five – veinticinco
6 – six – seis 16 – sixteen – dieciséis 26 – twenty six – veintiseis
7 – seven – siete 17 – seventeen – diecisiete 27 – twenty seven – veintisiete
8 – eight – ocho 18 – eighteen – dieciocho 28 – twenty eight – veintiocho
9 – nine – nueve 19 – nineteen – diecinueve 29 – twenty nine – veintinueve
10 – ten – diez 20 – twenty – veinte 30 – thirty – treinta
    31 – thirty one – treinta y uno

Note that unlike English, Spanish uses cardinal numbers instead of ordinal numbers. The exception is the first of the month uses the ordinal number primero, first. However, if you really want to emphasize the ordinal aspect of a day, you can do so in Spanish: nos vemos el quinto de mayo, which translates to “see you on the fifth of May” – but it is rather unusual in daily use.

Correct order when saying and writing dates in Spanish

In conversation, when you say a date in Spanish, the number corresponding to the date will always come first, followed by the month and then the year, in case you need to state that as well.

For the notation of dates, you can choose between numerals only, or a mixture between numerals and words. If you express the date as just numbers, remember to always put the daay first: DD/MM/YYYY is the common form, though you might also encounter YYYY/DD/MM at times. Same as in English, you omit the zero for single digit days or months.

Mixing numerals and words means using a word for just the month (see our table above) and numbers to express day and year. This also happens to be a common way of writing the date in letters. Remember to NOT capitalize the month!

  • (numeral for the day) + de + (name of the month) + de / del + (numeral for the year)
  • 30 de noviembre de 2016 = November 30, 2016
  • 1 de octubre del 2017 = October 1, 2017
  • 25 de julio de 2012 = July 25, 2012
  • 17 de enero de 1977 = January 17, 1977

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